The massive Iguazú National Park covers a total area of one hundred and eighty five thousand hectares, and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986. The dramatic highlight of this glorious natural beauty is Iguazú Falls, standing at a height of 72 metres and forming a 2,700-metre-wide semicircle. One of the largest and most remarkable waterfalls on Earth, it comprises between one hundred and fifty to three hundred separate falls, depending on the river flow. The immense clouds of spray produced from this incredible natural wonder helps to create the lush fauna and flora found in the park. As you might expect, wildlife is prevalent, with Iguazú National Park being home to over five hundred different animal species. Some of these are rare and endangered, such as the Giant Otter and the Giant Anteater. In addition, the rich biodiversity has around two thousand different plant species, too.
The various intertwining pathways in the park are a great way to view the stunning natural beauty and environment. The Poço Preto (the Black Well) trail is a great activity on offer, as it navigates the Iguazú River, takes you over impressive suspended footbridges and visits a ten-metre-high observation tower. From here, spectacular panoramic views of the park and forest can be enjoyed, particularly Lagoa do Jacare (Alligator Pond), which is home to a diverse collection of marine wildlife.
The truly must-see attraction of Iguazú National Park is Iguazú Falls. Rivalling the greatest waterfalls in the world, this natural marvel will inspire awe with both its sheer power and grandeur. The best way to enjoy the falls is by boat, with tours on Iguazú River leading visitors straight through the path of the waterfalls’ shower. You will definitely get wet as you relish a close up view of these incredible falls. Garganta del Dablo (Devil’s Throat) is one of the mightiest sections of the falls, with unbelievable volumes of water tumbling over this giant natural funnel.
Visitors exploring the park will discover a vast array of plant and animal life. With over five hundred animal species and about two thousand different plant species, the variety of wildlife to discover is immense and truly remarkable. A great way to experience this is through a wildlife tour, such as a safari trip. Traverse the jungle and experience all the park has to offer, then jump on a boat and ride along Iguazú River. Trips can also include safari-style drives and an electric train ride.
Poço Preto (Black Well) Trail
One of the most renowned and popular trips in Iguazú National Park is the Poço Preto (Black Well) Trail. It can be traversed by bicycle, on foot or by car, and covers a beautiful stretch of flora and fauna. Majestic suspension bridges are crossed as part of the trail, which includes a visit to a ten-metre-high observation tower. From here, you can enjoy fantastic views of the park below, as well as the gorgeous Lagoa do Jacare (Alligator Pond). A trip on the upper Iguazú River is incorporated into the trail, as you will pass by Arquipelago das Taquaras (Bamboo Archipelago). A kayak excursion can also be included, allowing enjoyment of the aquatic wildlife and vegetation.
The Visitors Centre is the gateway to the park, with access to the falls. Information on different aspects of the park is provided, such as climate, geology and the areas history. Additionally, visitors will find a tourist reception and an auditorium, making this is a great starting point, before venturing into the park itself.
The climate is subtropical and humid, with hot summers. Rainfall is abundant all year round.
These figures show monthly average maximum temperatures and monthly average rainfall for Iguazú National Park.
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Travelling With Children or Without an Adult
Children travelling without both parents should be aware that some countries require documentary evidence of parental responsibility before allowing lone parents to enter the country or, in some cases, before permitting the children to leave the country. Please contact the relevant Embassy for the county you are travelling to for further information.
Visa and Advance Passenger Information
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Health facilities, hygiene and disease risks vary worldwide and you should take health advice about your specific needs from your general practitioner or a specialist clinic as early as possible before travel. Those planning to become pregnant should discuss their travel plans with their healthcare provider to assess their risk of infection with Zika. For information about Zika, other mosquito-borne diseases (such as Dengue fever and Chikungunya), Lyme Disease (caused by tick bites), and to receive advice on mosquito bite avoidance measures, please visit http://travelhealthpro.org.uk/insect-tick-bite-avoidance/
In addition, we highly recommend that you seek specialist advice from your doctor and, where recommended, obtain vaccinations or tablets for protection against, for example: Malaria, Hepatitis A, Polio and Typhoid. In some cases, treatments for Malaria should begin well in advance of travel. Travellers may also be required to show Yellow Fever Certificates on arrival in certain destinations ie, some African countries. Please note that you are strongly advised against scuba-diving for 24 hours before travelling by air. We would also like to draw your attention to the risk of DVT (Deep Vein Thrombosis) and recommend that you consult with your doctor before travelling.
Visit the FCO website and select your destination country for the very latest travel advice: https://www.gov.uk/foreign-travel-advice.
Additional sources of information include: www.hpa.org.uk, http://nathnac.net,
www.fco.gov.uk, www.hpa.org.uk and www.nathnac.org, your General Practitioner or a specialised clinic.