The enormous Iguazú National Park covers a total area of one hundred and eighty five thousand hectares, and has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1986. The stunning highlight of this glorious natural beauty is Iguazú Falls, standing at a height of 72 metres and forming a 2,700-metre-wide semicircle. One of the largest and most remarkable waterfalls in the world, it comprises between one hundred and fifty to three hundred separate falls, depending on the river flow. The immense clouds of spray produced from this incredible natural wonder helps to create the lush flora and fauna found in the park. As you might expect, wildlife is also prevalent, with Iguazú National Park being home to over five hundred different animal species. Some of these are rare and endangered, such as the Giant Anteater and the Giant Otter. In addition, the rich biodiversity has around two thousand different plant species, too.
The various intertwining pathways in the park are a great way to view the stunning environment and natural beauty. The Poço Preto (the Black Well) trail is a great activity on offer, as it takes you over impressive suspended footbridges, navigates the Iguazú River and visits a ten-metre-high observation tower. From here, spectacular panoramic views of the park and forest can be enjoyed, particularly Lagoa do Jacare (Alligator Pond), which is home to a diverse collection of marine wildlife.
The truly must-see attraction of Iguazú National Park is Iguazú Falls. Rivalling the greatest waterfalls in the world, this natural marvel will inspire awe with both its grandeur and sheer power. The best way to enjoy the falls is by boat, with tours on Iguazú River leading visitors directly through the path of the waterfalls’ shower. You will definitely get wet as you savour a close up view of these incredible falls. Just over the border in Argentina, Garganta del Dablo (Devil’s Throat) is one of the mightiest sections of the falls, with unbelievable volumes of water tumbling over this giant natural funnel.
Visitors exploring the park will discover a vast array of plant and animal life. With over five hundred animal species and around two thousand different plant species, the variety of wildlife to discover is immense and truly remarkable. A great way to experience this is through a wildlife tour, such as a safari trip. Traverse the jungle and experience all the park has to offer, then hop on a boat and ride along Iguazú River. Trips can also include safari-style drives and an electric train ride.
Poço Preto (Black Well) Trail
One of the most popular and renowned trips in Iguazú National Park is the Poço Preto (Black Well) Trail. It can be traversed on foot, by bicycle or by car, and covers a beautiful stretch of flora and fauna. Majestic suspension bridges are crossed as part of the trail, which includes a visit to a ten-metre-high observation tower. From here, you can enjoy lovely views of the park below, as well as the gorgeous Lagoa do Jacare (Alligator Pond). A trip on the upper Iguazú River is incorporated into the trail, as you will pass by Arquipelago das Taquaras (Bamboo Archipelago). A kayak excursion can also be included, allowing enjoyment of the aquatic vegetation and wildlife.
The Visitors Centre is the gateway to the park, with access to the falls. There is a car park for those who drove to the park, and a ticket booth. Additionally, visitors will find a tourist desk, banking service and a gift shop, meaning all your needs are catered for, before venturing into the park itself.
The climate is subtropical and humid, with hot summers. Rainfall is abundant all year round.
These figures show monthly average maximum temperatures and monthly average rainfall for Iguazú.
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